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HISTORY OF JAMWAL


JAMWALS  

Jamwal is a Suryavanshi Rajput clan of Chattari lineage in Jammu and Kashmir that claims solar origin by direct descent from Sri Rama Chandra of Raghav (Raghuvanshi) Rajput clan. Jamwal traditions state that their ancestor, Raja Agnigarba, came from Ayodhya and founded a small state on the banks of RiverTawi. A few generations later, Raja Jambu Lochan founded the city and state of Jammu. In Rajputana their closest cousins are Raghav (Raghuvanshi) & KachwahaRajputs of Jaipur.
The Dogra Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir belong to this clan. MinhasNagyalThakial and Bersal and Kohaal Rajputs are also an offshoot of this clan. It is said that one Raja Malan Hans took up agriculture and left the throne to his younger brother, Raja Suraj Hans. Since that time Rajputs who took up agriculture are styled Minhas, whereas the name 'Jamwal' is confined to the royal branch.
The history of the Jamwals dates back to the Ramayana period. They trace their ancestry to the Ikshvaku (Solar) Dynasty of Raghav (Raghuvanshi) Rajputs of Northern India (the same clan in which Lord Ramawas born; therefore, he is the 'kuldevta' – family deity – of the Dogras). A Raghav (Raghuvanshi), 'Agnigarba', who was living as a recluse, came to Nagarkote (KangraHimachal Pradesh), in the Shivalik hills. When the Raja of Kangra came to know about this person's ancestry, he offered him the hand of his daughter and a part of kingdom. At the time, the river Ravi was then the boundary of Nagarkote. Agnigarba crossed it and captured some villages in the Kathua area and declared himself as sovereign king.
After his death, his son Bayusharva (1530–1500 BC) married the princess of Parole (Kathua), Erwan, who died young. The Raja founded a city after her which is still found near Parole, though now a small village, and at the 'Samādhi' of the queen, a 'Mela' (fair) is held at every 'Baisakhi' (13th or 14 April) every year. Bayusharva extended the boundaries up to the river Ujh. Bayusharva's great grandson, Bahulochan, was enthroned after his death. He migrated from Erwan and built his fort on the banks of river Tawi. When Bahulochan died in a bloody battle with Chadaras, the Raja of Sialkot (Shayalkot) and his younger brother Jambulochan (1320–1290 BC) ascended the throne. In those days the area beyond Tawi (the present city of Jammu) was used for hunting. Tradition has it that one day Jambulochan came to this area and while he was sitting behind a bush to ambush some bird or animal, he saw a lion (a tiger in some accounts) and a goat drinking water from the same pond. This peaceful coexistence encouraged him to found the city of Jammu, which some say is named after him. One of his descendants, Raja Shaktikaran (1200–1177 BC) introduced the Dogri script. Another of his descendants, Jasdev, founded the city ofJasrota on the bank of river Ujh, and another Raja, Karan Dev, built a fort on the banks of the river Basantar.
In the early centuries of the first millennium the area came under the sway of the Indo-Greeks, with their capital at Sakala (Sialkot).
Suryavamshi claim descent from Surya. Manhas are royal branch of Jamwal Rajputs. The Sun Dynasty is oldest among Kshatriyas. The first person of this dynasty was "Vivaswan," who by the meaning of his name is considered to be "Surya." Ikshvaku was the first important king of this dynasty. Other important kings were Kakutsth Harishchandra, Sagar, Dileepa, Bhagiratha, Raghu Dashratha and Rama. The poet Kalidasa wrote the great epic Raghuvamsa about the dynasty of Raghu including the great king born in the Sun Dynasty.
The Rajwar, a cultivating caste of Bihar and Chota nagpur who claim Surajvansi Rajput descent, but is not generally admitted. The Surajvansi are sometimes also called Kaushilya or Kaushal (after Kush), while the chandravansi are called Kaushik. The Kausik(a) rajput tribe is also found in considerable numbers in Ghazipur, Azimgarh and Gorakhpur, claiming descent from Kausik, father of Gadhi, founder of GadhipurGhazipur.
Among the enlightened rulers of Jammu was Raja Ranjit Dev, (1728–1780) who introduced certain social reforms such as a ban on 'Sati' (immolation of the wife on the pyre of the husband) and female infanticide. Later, under Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the state became part of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab region. Ranjit Singh rendered this state to his general, Maharaja Gulab Singh, who belonged to the Jamwal Rajput clan that ruled Jammu. He extended the boundaries of Jammu to western Tibet with the help of General Zorawar Singh, who has been referred to by British historians as the 'Napoleon of India'. Dogra rule extended beyond the Jammu region and the Kashmir Valley to the Tibetan Buddhist Kingdom of Ladakh and the Emirates of HunzaGilgit and Nagar. After the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1846, Jammu again became an independent Rajput kingdom under Maharaja Gulab Singh, as per the treaties signed between the British and the Sikhs. Maharaja Pratap Singh, enthroned in 1885, saw the construction of Banihal Cart Road (B.C. Road) mainly to facilitate telegraph services.
The last ruler of J&K was Maharaja Hari Singh, who ascended the throne in 1925. The Maharaja was one the most progressive rulers of his times. He was a progressive ruler and much loved by his subjects. He made primary education compulsory in the state, introduced laws prohibiting child marriage and threw open places of worship for the low castes. His reign saw the accession of Jammu & Kashmir to the newly independent Indian Union in 1947. Although he originally manouvred to maintain his independence by playing off India and Pakistan against each other, Maharaja Hari Singh, the last king of the Rajput kingdom of Jammu & Kashmir, ceded his kingdom to the Indian Union in 1947. In 1951, Maharaja Hari Singh's rule was terminated by the assembly and his son Yuvraj (Crown Prince) Karan Singh was made 'Sadr-e-Riyasat' ('President of the State') and Governor of the State in 1964.

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About ADAMAY SINGH PARMAR

Adamay Singh Parmar is a part time blogger.He is 14 years old boy.He is studying in MHS DAV Cent.Public school Akhnoor.He loves to write about rajputs and rajputana.He is really very passionate about his work.
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15 comments:

  1. Jaidev Adamay thanks for providing the glorious history of my clan. My name is pitamber singh jamwal. I am happy that still there are persons who wants to enlighten the country about the contribution given by our king

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks jamwal sahab...I am always here for your help

      Delete
  2. Jaidev Adamay thanks for providing the glorious history of my clan. My name is pitamber singh jamwal. I am happy that still there are persons who wants to enlighten the country about the contribution given by our king

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks jamwal sahab...I am always here for your help

      Delete
  3. Iam Dalip Singh Jamwal living in Kullu Himachal. Thanks for updating the history on Jamwal. I would like to know the source of history. My encestors migrated from Jammu 8-10 generation ago. I like to know about our original place.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Jamwal ji please share your gotra & kuldevi details.

      Delete
  4. My gotra is Jamwal but my people write Saini in caste which is quite strange i have no idea how this came up with my ancestors who moved to our present state from jammu about 200-300 years ago ! :D :P

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hiee brdr for yur clarification pls call me ..8968336730 dildar saini...our team is researching on sainis..i think we can help yu

      Delete
  5. Hi Sir,
    Very good information shared by the you. Im also belongs to jamwal gotra .my question is that in history any one of jamwal rajoot faught panipat battle and defeated by muslims and joind and Ror community in past.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Muhammad Shahzad Iqbal14 October 2016 at 11:32

    Hi Sir,
    Very good information shared by the you. Im also belongs to jamwal gotra .my question is that in history any one of jamwal rajoot faught panipat battle and defeated by muslims and joind and Ror community in past.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Minhas are descendant of Mair ?
    Why they kept their clan name " Minhas"?
    Please explain me
    I also belong to Mair-Minhas descendants that's why wanted to best clarification

    ReplyDelete
  8. Hello
    My name is Ankit Jamwal, presently living in himachal pradesh.
    I would like to know about the different gotra(clan) in jamwal's as my ancestors migrated from jammu 100 or more years back.
    I just want to know about the different gotra names in jamwal family.
    If you have that kind of info with you then plz share it with me and it would be a great help from your side.
    Thank you

    ReplyDelete
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  10. Very nice info.Please elaborate about Zorawar singh kahluria...General who Went up to Tibet.He was a Rajput from Himachal who served under Maharaja Gulab singh.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Very informative article. HOpe someone also does the work of mapping of family tree so that we can know the exact history and sequence of events relating to each family even if they have shifted from Jammu especially as many have gone to Himachal also

    ReplyDelete

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