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Showing posts from May, 2015

MAHAKAL STATUS FOR SHIVRATRI

History of Shivaji In Hindi

शिवाजीछत्रपति शिवाजी राजे भोसले (१६३०-१६८०) ने १६७४ में पश्चिम भारत में मराठा साम्राज्य की नींव रखी। उन्होंने कई वर्ष औरंगज़ेब के मुगल साम्राज्य से संघर्ष किया। शिवाजी का जन्म १९ फ़रवरी १६३० में शिवनेरी दुर्ग में हुआ था ।

आरंभिक जीवन[संपादित करें]शाहजी भोंसले की पत्नी जीजाबाई (राजमाता जिजाऊ) की कोख से शिवाजी महाराज का जन्म १९ फ़रवरी १६३० को शिवनेरी दुर्ग में हुआ था। शिवनेरी का दुर्गपूना (पुणे) से उत्तर की तरफ़ जुन्नार नगर के पास था। उनका बचपन उनकी माता जिजाऊ के मार्गदर्शन में बीता। वह सभी कलाओ मे माहिर थे, उन्होंने बचपन में राजनीति एवं युद्ध की शिक्षा ली थी। ये भोंसले उपजाति के थे जोकि मूलत: कुर्मी जाति से संबद्धित हे | कुर्मी जाति कृषि संबद्धित कार्य करती हे | उनके पिता अप्रतिम शूरवीर थे और उनकी दूसरी पत्नी तुकाबाई मोहिते थीं। उनकी माता जी जीजाबाई जाधव कुल में उत्पन्न असाधारण प्रतिभाशाली थी और उनके पिता एक शक्तिशाली सामन्त थे। शिवाजी महाराज के चरित्र पर माता-पिता का बहुत प्रभाव पड़ा। बचपन से ही वे उस युग के वातावरण और घटनाओँ को भली प्रकार समझने लगे थे। शासक वर्ग की करतूतों पर वे झल्ल…

History Of Maharaja Pratap Singh

Pratap Singh of Jammu and Kashmir
Pratap Singh (18 July 1848 – 23 September 1925) was the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, and head of the JamwalRajput clan. Some elements in the British Empire made an attempt to implicate the Dogra Maharaja in a conspiracy case involving the Russian Empire. At the end a ruling council was forced on Jammu and Kashmir, which included a British agent and the Maharaja's brother Amar Singh. Amar Singh's son Hari Singh succeeded his uncle as the Maharaja in 1925.
Singh's reign Before Pratap Singh's accession, the British Government was represented in Kashmir by an Officer-on-Special Duty who had only limited functions to perform. The Government of India had made many attempts at the time of Ranbir Singh to raise the status of the Officer to that of a full-fledged Political Resident. The Maharaja had, however, successfully resisted these. But now taking advantage of the fresh succession they were able to post a Political Resident in Jammu and K…

History Of Jammu And Kashmir

HistoryHari Singh had ascended the throne of Kashmir in 1925 and was the reigning monarch at the conclusion of British rule in the subcontinent in 1947. One of the conditions of the partition of India imposed by Britain was that the rulers of princely states would have the right to opt for either Pakistan or India or remain independent. In 1947, Kashmir's population was 77% Muslim and it shared a boundary with both Dominion of Pakistan and Union of India. On 22 October 1947, locals and tribesmen backed by Pakistan invaded Kashmir. The Maharaja initially fought back but appealed for assistance to the Governor-GeneralLouis Mountbatten, who agreed on the condition that the ruler accede to India. Maharaja Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession on 26 October 1947, which was accepted by the Governor General of India the next day. Once the Instrument of Accession was signed, Indian soldiers entered Kashmir with orders to evict the raiders. India took the matter to the United Natio…